This section describes the process for installing MySQL on Windows.
To run MySQL on Windows, you need the following:
A Windows operating system such as Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows Server 2003, or Windows Server 2008. Both 32-bit and 64-bit versions are supported.
In addition to running MySQL as a standard application, you can also run the MySQL server as a Windows service. By using a service you can monitor and control the operation of the server through the standard Windows service management tools. For more information, see Section 220.127.116.11, “Starting MySQL as a Windows Service”.
Generally, you should install MySQL on Windows using an account
that has administrator rights. Otherwise, you may encounter
problems with certain operations such as editing the
PATH environment variable or accessing the
Service Control Manager. Once installed,
MySQL does not need to be executed using a user with
TCP/IP protocol support.
Enough space on the hard drive to unpack, install, and create the databases in accordance with your requirements (generally a minimum of 200 megabytes is recommended.)
For a list of limitations within the Windows version of MySQL, see Section D.7.3, “Windows Platform Limitations”.
In addition to the MySQL Server package, you may need or want additional components to use MySQL with your application or development environment. These include, but are not limited to:
If you plan to connect to the MySQL server via ODBC, you need a Connector/ODBC driver. For more information, including installation and configuration instructions, see Section 21.1, “MySQL Connector/ODBC”.
If you plan to use MySQL server with .NET applications, you need the Connector/NET driver. For more information, including installation and configuration instructions, see Section 21.2, “MySQL Connector/NET”.
MySQL for Windows is available in several distribution formats, detailed below. Generally speaking, you should use a binary distribution that includes an installer. It is simpler to use than the others, and you need no additional tools to get MySQL up and running. The installer for the Windows version of MySQL, combined with a GUI Config Wizard, automatically installs MySQL, creates an option file, starts the server, and secures the default user accounts.
Binary installer distribution. The installable distribution comes packaged as a Microsoft Windows Installer (MSI) package that you can install manually or automatically on your systems. Two formats are available, an essentials package that contains all the files you need to install and configure MySQL, but no additional components, and a complete package that includes MySQL, configuration tools, benchmarks and other components. For more information on the specific differences, see Section 2.5.2, “Choosing An Installation Package”
For instructions on installing MySQL using one of the MSI installation packages, see Section 2.5.3, “Installing MySQL with the MSI Package”.
Standard binary distribution format packaged as a Zip file containing all of the necessary files that you unpack into your chosen location. This package contains all of the files in the full Windows MSI Installer package, but does not including an installation program.
For instructions on installing MySQL using the Zip file, see
Section 2.5.5, “Installing MySQL from a
noinstall Zip Archive”.
The source distribution contains all the code and support files for building the executables using the Visual Studio compiler system.
For instructions on building MySQL from source on Windows, see Section 2.5.10, “Installing MySQL from Source on Windows”.
MySQL on Windows considerations:
Large Table Support
If you need tables with a size larger than 4GB, install MySQL on
an NTFS or newer file system. Don't forget to use
AVG_ROW_LENGTH when you create tables. See
Section 12.1.17, “
CREATE TABLE Syntax”.
MySQL and Virus Checking Software
Using virus scanning software such as Norton/Symantec Anti-Virus on directories containing MySQL data and temporary tables can cause issues, both in terms of the performance of MySQL and the virus-scanning software mis-identifying the contents of the files as containing spam. This is because of the fingerprinting mechanism used by the virus scanning software, and the way in which MySQL rapidly updates different files, which may be identified as a potential security risk.
After installing MySQL Server, it is recommended that you
disable virus scanning on the main directory
datadir) being used to store
your MySQL table data. There is usually a system built into the
virus scanning software to allow certain directories to be
specifically ignored during virus scanning.
In addition, by default, MySQL creates temporary files in the
standard Windows temporary directory. To prevent the temporary
files also being scanned, you should configure a separate
temporary directory for MySQL temporary files and add this to
the virus scanning exclusion list. To do this, add a
configuration option for the
tmpdir parameter to your
my.ini configuration file. For more
information, see Section 18.104.22.168, “Creating an Option File”.